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adabiat - نكات مهم در نوشتن انشا

adabiat

 

نكات مهم در نوشتن انشا

 

نوشته شده توسط:amir habibi

نگارش بهتر


والایی انسان به «اندیشه»ی اوست و اندیشه با کلام و کلمه موجودیّت مییابد و کلام همان ادبیات است که از زبان سود میگیرد.در نوشتن مانند حرف زدن هر كسی روش و شیوهی منحصر به فردی دارد با این تفاوت كه افراد میتوانند در نوشتن دقّت وظرافت بیشتری را به كار گیرند.

نگارش و انشاء به معنی ایجاد كردن،پرورش دادن، ابداعوخلقكردناست
انشاء به معنی نظم دادن به فكر و به معنی ایجاد كلام و سخن و نگارش آن است. وپلی است از ذهن واندیشه به سوی ارتباط با دیگران.

در انشاء دانشآموز حق دارد تا آنچه را در ذهن دارد به صورتی روان با جملاتی زیبا و پراحساس بر روی كاغذ بیاورد و فرصت دارد تا در كلاس دیگران را تحت تأثیر قرار دهد.


دانشآموزان باید بدانند همانطوری كه در صحبت كردن نباید از موضوع خارج شد بیمورد سخن گفت و یا زیاد حرف زد،در نوشتن هم باید از حاشیهرویهای بیموقع و آوردن جملههای پرلفظ و بیمعنی خودداری كرد.امروزه نوشتهای پسندیده است كه دارای جملههای كوتاه و رعایت مساوات در كلام باشد.

نیز باید بدانیم كه نیاز به نگارش فقط برای زنگ انشاء نیست بلكه نیازی برای تمام زندگی است .

هرچه درباره‌‌ی یك موضوع بهتر فكر كنیم دربارهی آن بهتر هم مینویسیم.

در رابطه با موضوع انشاء از خود سؤال كنیم وبا نظم و ترتیب منطقی از جواب سؤالها در انشاء استفاده كنیم.


مواردی كه رعایت آنها در هر انشایی ضروری است:

       ·رعایت علایم نگارشی{:.،!؟« »[ ] ( )و...}

       ·رعایت حاشیهی مناسب در طرفین وبالا وپایین ورقه

       ·پرهیز از كلمات محاورهای مگر در هنگام تعریف داستان آن هم در مواقع ضروری

       ·رعایت بند و پاراگراف

       ·رعایت اختصار و پرهیز از زیاده گویی

       ·نوشتن با خطی خوانا و بدون غلط املایی

       ·استفاده از ورقهای تمیز ومرتّب و نوشتهای منظّم

 ·      دقّت و توجّه به ارتباط متن و محتوای انشاء با موضوع آن


       ·استفاده از عناصر زیبایی سخن مانند: تشبیه ، جان بخشی ،  انساننمایی ، مبالغه كلمات مترادف و متّضاد و....

       ·استفاده از تعابیر مناسب (آیات ،احادیث    اشعار و ضربالمثلها و...)در ارتباط با موضوع انشاء

       ·انشاء میتواند مقدمه و نتیجهگیری داشته باشد  اما لزوماً نیازی به نوشتن خود این عبارات نیست.

     ·پرهیز از نوشتن جملات تكراری

       ·برقراری ارتباط معنایی مناسب بین جمله‌‌ها وبندها

در پایان باید دانست زنگ نگارش یكی از بهترین زنگهایی است كه در آن دانشآموز خود را نسبت به دانشآموزان دیگر میسنجد


وباید با دقّت پیگیر انشاءهای دیگران باشدوبا پیدا كردن نقاط قوّت وضعف آنها در بهتر كردن توانایی نگارش خودبكوشد.



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